Being pregnant means being in the state of bearing a child. With a few exceptions here and there, a typical pregnancy lasts for 40 weeks, or the proverbial nine months. There are multiple pregnancy tests recommended during the pregnancy period to ensure the safety and health of the mother and the child. Pregnancy tests are done at different stages of the pregnancy. An early pregnancy test is quite critical because the medical conditions you discover during the pregnancy test can have long-term impact on the health of the child or the mother and precautions can be taken, in case required. For an early pregnancy test, there is no need to visit a hospital or clinic, and the blood sample can be collected at home. The presence of all the nutrients and supplements is critical for the health of the pregnancy and hence an antenatal care test can be conducted that does the study of the level of iron in the blood, the condition of the liver, the condition of the kidney, and the vitamin levels. This stage of the test can find out if there are some health problems in the mother and whether it can have an impact on the growing fetus.
Pregnancy tests are so accurate these days that they can predict with great accuracy on which day the child is going to take birth. Pregnancy tests are not just conducted during pregnancy. Even before the pregnancy, tests can be done to find out whether a female is pregnant or not. This test can be conducted at home using a pregnancy strip. Once a female is pregnant, initially, she may experience the following symptoms:
Missed periods – this is one of the first signs. Most of the females are aware of their menstrual cycle and if there is a big gap, a pregnancy is suspected.
Headaches are an early sign of pregnancy. This is because the altered hormone levels and an increase in the blood volume. A pregnancy test can reveal if there is a problem in case the headache does not go away or becomes unbearable.
There is some small bleeding which is also called “spotting” during the early pregnancy. This is the result of implantation. It normally happens two weeks after fertilization.
There is weight gain. It becomes more visible during the second trimester.
Pregnancy-induced hypertension is experienced among many women.
There are greater instances of heartburn as the valve between the stomach and the esophagus is loosened and the stomach acid leaks out.
Other symptoms of pregnancy include constipation, cramps, back pain, sometimes anaemia, unexplained depression, insomnia, changing the size of the breasts, vomiting, hip pain, diarrhea and dizziness and acne.
Extreme care and caution are required during the entire pregnancy period. Different pregnancy tests are recommended at different stages. An early pregnancy check may include 55 tests that can help create a complete health profile of the pregnant female. Right from the red blood count to hepatitis B virus test, to HIV test to rubella test to thyroid profile to hemoglobin to blood glucose to HIV, these tests check practically everything so that in case a problem is found, it is dealt with promptly.
Early pregnancy tests can also reveal the following:
Low red blood cell count – this shows that the pregnant female may be anemic and in case there is lots of blood loss during the pregnancy or during the birth, it can be life threatening and hence, arrangements must be made.
Low white blood cell count – a low white blood cell count shows that the pregnant woman is susceptible to infections.
Low platelets count
A detailed blood group test can reveal the blood group of the mother and also whether she is Rh negative or Rh positive. The Rh of both mother and the fetus must match otherwise, the mother’s body begins to make anti-Rh antibodies and they begin to attack the blood of the baby. This can cause health problems. Knowing the Rh factor of the mothers enables a doctor to make appropriate arrangements.
Other tests, including thyroid tests and STD tests are also a part of the overall pregnancy tests to make sure that both the mother and the baby remain healthy throughout the period.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why is it important to get a pregnancy test done as soon as someone becomes pregnant?
During the pregnancy the body is going to go through lots of changes. The mother also goes through lots of psychological and hormonal changes; after all another life is evolving inside the mother. It is imperative that the condition of the mother is known just to make sure that she remains healthy. This is also important for the health of the unborn child. Various pregnancy tests can reveal the health status of the mother and if there are some problems, the doctors can take preventive measures to ensure the safety of both the mother and the child. The earlier these preventive measures are taken, the better it is for both.
What is the process of getting a pregnancy test done?
For the early pregnancy test, you need to submit a blood sample. A blood sample can be collected by a phlebotomist who visits the person, draws the blood from the arm and then submits it to the lab. The results become available in just a few days. Based on the results of the test, a complete pregnancy plan can be prepared for the pregnant female.
Can pregnancy be life-threatening?
Pregnancy is a major biological phenomenon but hundreds of thousands of women give birth to their babies every day, all over the world. Many don’t even visit the hospital. Pregnancy-related complications happen because in most of the cases, all the stakeholders, including the pregnant woman, her relatives, and even the doctors taking care of her, are not aware of the exact health condition of the pregnant woman. This lacuna can be filled with timely pregnancy tests. This gives the doctors all the needed information and they can make arrangements in case there is some medical intervention that is required.
What is the first thing to do when discovering that one is pregnant?
Get all the pregnancy tests done. The more doctors know about the pregnant woman, the more well-equipped they will be to help her. According to the pregnancy tests, her diet can be modified. She can be advised either to rest or to exercise. She can be admitted to the hospital and kept under supervision. In case she has some infection, that infection can be curbed so that it is not transmitted to the baby. All the medical concerns can be addressed provided an appropriate pregnancy test is done.
Does not getting a pregnancy test done affect the health of the child?
Yes, it does. Whatever health condition the expecting mother is in, it has a direct impact on the fetus and the developing baby. Timely pregnancy tests help both the mother and the baby. Please remember that if medical concerns during pregnancy are not addressed on time, they don’t just affect the fetus, they can also affect the child when he or she is many years old.