Multiple deficiencies can make your bones weak. After a while, they become brittle, break easily, or begin to deform. It can lead to a curve in the spine or bent legs. Most of such problems are caused due to a lack of calcium, phosphorus, and Vitamin D. There are dedicated or packaged tests for partial and complete bone checks. You can get your blood tested for calcium levels which can reveal why you are facing problems with your bones. Phosphorus deficiency can lead to pain in the bones, stiff joints, and brittleness. A phosphorus test reveals the levels of phosphorus in your blood. You can also get a Vitamin D test to know the quantity of Vitamin D in your blood.
A bone test is needed when you are experiencing symptoms of bone deterioration. The deficiencies a bone test may look for include calcium deficiency, phosphorus-inorganic deficiency as well as Vitamin D deficiency. A bone test is done by submitting your serum/blood to the lab. These bone tests pertain to finding the traces of the deficiencies in your blood. There is also a bone scanning done but that is done for a different purpose.
Your bones may break easily (brittle bones). They may get deformed. Here are some symptoms of the various bone problems you may get due to the deficiencies mentioned above:
It is important to get a bone test done as early as possible
Weak and brittle nails
Bones easily breaking
Changes in body weight
Due to calcium deficiency, you can develop a disorder like osteoporosis. The deficiency of calcium is also called hypocalcaemia. This deficiency triggers confusion and memory loss. It can lead to depression and hallucinations. Sudden muscle cramps can leave you immobilized. You easily fracture bones. Your bones also may get permanently disfigured. Calcium also plays an important role as a neurotransmitter. Calcium deficiency can trigger seizures even in otherwise healthy people.
Phosphorus-inorganic deficiency is called hypophosphatemia. It can lead to frequent bone fractures and constant pain in the bones. You lose your appetite. You may experience numbness in various parts of your body. You can become confused and disoriented. Your teeth begin to decay.
Another bone test problem is Vitamin D deficiency. In the absence of Vitamin D your muscles become weak and break easily. You constantly experience weakness, fatigue and mood swings. It can lead to respiratory infections including pneumonia, bronchitis and sinusitis. Your body needs Vitamin D to be able to absorb calcium. In most of the cases, people are Vitamin D deficient when they get less exposure to sunlight or to be precise, ultraviolet rays of the sun. But Vitamin D cannot be used by your body as it is. It must go through a process of transformation that occurs in your liver. This is where Vitamin D is converted into a chemical called 25-hydroxyvitamin D. It is also calcidiol.
What causes calcium deficiency?
Low levels of Vitamin D (it is used to absorb calcium).
Medications that cause calcium deficiency such as corticosteroids.
A physical condition such as pancreatitis.
Massive blood transfusions.
Lack of calcium-rich diet.
“Hungry bone syndrome” – a rapid, profound and prolonged hypercalcaemia that normally happens after a surgery for hyperparathyroidism.
What causes phosphorus-inorganic deficiency?
Lack of healthy food.
What causes Vitamin D12 deficiency ?
Lack of enough sunshine,
especially ultraviolet rays.
Excessively vegetarian diet.
Weight loss surgery.
Frequently Asked Questions
Does the bone test require going through a scanner?
It depends on what type of bone test your going through. If a patient has bone cancer or other such ailments, then a bone scan is needed. Otherwise, there are many bone -related ailments and disorders that are caused due to deficiencies. In such cases, doctors try to find out the levels of calcium, Vitamin B12 and phosphorus-inorganic in your blood. For such a bone test, you don’t need to go through a scanner.
Can bone-related deficiencies be avoided with proper food intake?
Sometimes deficiencies occur due to lifestyle choices, and sometimes they are a consequence of an ailment. For example, if you have diabetes, changing your food habits may help you deal with diabetes better, but it cannot be said that it will also cure you of bone problems. If your bone -related problems (occurring due to deficiencies) are confirmed after the bone test and if they are being caused due to lack of proper food, then you can create a diet chart for you for proper supply of calcium and other elements. To take care of Vitamin B12 deficiency, maybe you can spend more time in the sun.
What are the risks of ignoring a bone test?
Deficiencies of calcium, phosphorus-inorganic and Vitamin D 12, can cause many other problems in addition to bone-related problems. This doesn’t mean that bone problems are not serious. If osteoporosis sets in, sometimes even a good laughter can break your rib cage. A small push from a friend or a child can lead to a fracture in the arm, in the leg, or in the worst-case scenario, in the backbone, which can lead to paralysis. Hence, the risks of ignoring a bone test can be immeasurable.
Is a bone test a complicated process?
The bone test we are talking about here, is not complicated. You can get it done from the comfort of your home, in fact. Just fix up an appointment on our website. A technician from our lab will visit you and collect your blood sample. The sample will be submitted to the lab, and you will have the results with you in no time.
Does osteoporosis happen only in old people?
Osteoporosis is normally associated with old people but that is because they may have some deficiencies that are not present in younger people. Having said that, if these deficiencies are found, osteoporosis can happen in any age. In the lack of proper calcium and Vitamin D 12, even a child can develop osteoporosis.