A kidney function test is carried out to find out problems in your kidneys. Every person has two kidneys on either side of the spine. They are located behind your abdomen and below your rib cage. One of the most important jobs of your kidney is to throw out waste materials from your body through urine and stool. These waste materials are extracted from blood. Basically, the kidneys clean up your blood. Additionally, your kidneys control the levels of water and other essential minerals in your body. Kidneys are also vital for the production of red blood cells, vitamin D (which you also get from the sun) and different hormones that regulate blood pressure.
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